Effects of the interaction between shade and drought on physiological characteristics in Calamus viminalis seedlings

  • Benxue CHEN Key Laboratory for Bamboo and Rattan, International Center for Bamboo and Rattan, 100102, Beijing
  • Yanbing LI Zhoukou Normal University, Design College, 6 Wenchang Road, Zhoukou, Henan 466001
  • Guanglu LIU Key Laboratory for Bamboo and Rattan, International Center for Bamboo and Rattan, 100102, Beijing
  • Shaohui FAN Key Laboratory for Bamboo and Rattan, International Center for Bamboo and Rattan, 100102, Beijing
  • Haijun YANG Hainan Tropical Ocean University, Institute of Marine Science and Technology, 1 Yucai Road, 572022, Sanya, Hainan
  • Haoran SU Key Laboratory for Bamboo and Rattan, International Center for Bamboo and Rattan, 100102, Beijing
Keywords: adversity resistance; antioxidant enzyme; low irradiance; photosynthesis; rattan seedlings; water deficiency

Abstract

Recently, the endangerment of wild rattan population draws attention on the conservation and sustainable utilization of rattan resources. Rattan growing usually faces the light and water stress. Therefore, we aim to explore the combined effects of shade and drought on seedling growth, thus providing a theoretical ground for the conservation and artificial cultivation of the rattan. The combined effects of shade and drought on physiological and biochemical traits were studied in two-years-old Calamus viminalis seedlings. Photosynthetic indices including Pn, Gs, Tr, and Ci and physiological indices including MDA, SOD, POD, CAT, and Pro were measured under four levels of water treatments and four levels of shade. Shade, drought and their interaction have a significant effect on C. viminalis seedlings growth. Generally, moderate shade could alleviate the impact induced by drought. However, mild drought usually enhances the effect caused by shading. The result showed that the shade decreased Pn, Gs, and Tr but increased Ci, MDA content and Pro content. Either with the shading or drought increasing, the activity of SOD, POD, and CAT firstly increase and then declined. Drought reduced Pn, Gs, Tr, and Ci but increased the content of MDA and Pro. Overall, the result suggests that 25-50% shading and 65% RSWC water treatment are most beneficial for the growth of C. viminalis seedlings.

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Published
2020-03-31
How to Cite
CHEN, B., LI, Y., LIU, G., FAN, S., YANG, H., & SU, H. (2020). Effects of the interaction between shade and drought on physiological characteristics in Calamus viminalis seedlings. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 48(1), 305-317. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha48111626
Section
Research Articles