Morpho-physiological Characteristics of Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) under NaCl-stress and Rhizophagus fasciculatum as NaCl-stress Mitigator

  • Yuneisy Milagro AGÜERO-FERNÁNDEZ Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, S.C. Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional 195, Playa Palo de Santa Rita Sur, La Paz, Baja California Sur
  • Luis Guillermo HERNÁNDEZ-MONTIEL Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, S.C. Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional 195, Playa Palo de Santa Rita Sur, La Paz, Baja California Sur https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8236-1074
  • Bernardo MURILLO-AMADOR Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, S.C. Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional 195, Playa Palo de Santa Rita Sur, La Paz, Baja California Sur http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9489-4054
  • José Manuel MAZÓN-SUÁSTEGUI Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, S.C. Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional 195, Playa Palo de Santa Rita Sur, La Paz, Baja California Sur
  • Carlos Michel OJEDA-SILVERA Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, S.C. Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional 195, Playa Palo de Santa Rita Sur, La Paz, Baja California Sur
  • Daulemys BATISTA-SÁNCHEZ Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, S.C. Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional 195, Playa Palo de Santa Rita Sur, La Paz, Baja California Sur
Keywords: arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF); biomass; colonization; water potential

Abstract

Salinity stress is one of the main problems limiting growth and development of cultivated species. The objective of this study was to assess NaCl-stress basil plants (Ocimum basilicum L.) cv. ‘Nufar’ and to determine whether the mitigating effect of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus strain (AMF). A completely randomized factorial design was used considering three NaCl concentration (0, 50 and 100 mM) as factor 1 and presence or absence of AMF (0 and 10 g of inoculum) as factor 2, with four replicates per treatment and four plants per repetition. The assessed response variables were, fresh and dry of aerial part and root, root length, leaf area, relative water content, water potential, plant height, number of spores and mycorrhizal colonization percentage after 20 and 50 days (T20, T50) of the experiment. The results showed greater values in all variables in the control group (0 mM NaCl) than in plants inoculated with R. fasciculatum with T20 and T50; although values decreased as NaCl concentration increased; the tendency to increase was maintained even in at 50 and 100 mM of NaCl with AMF with respect to 50 and 100 mM NaCl without AMF. The AMF colonization percentage decreased as NaCl concentration increased. Nonetheless, the development and growth response for all variables in the inoculated plants with AMF was greater vs non-inoculated, which suggests that basil plant inoculation with AMF has a positive effect in mitigating NaCl stress.

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Published
2019-12-05
How to Cite
AGÜERO-FERNÁNDEZ, Y. M., HERNÁNDEZ-MONTIEL, L. G., MURILLO-AMADOR, B., MAZÓN-SUÁSTEGUI, J. M., OJEDA-SILVERA, C. M., & BATISTA-SÁNCHEZ, D. (2019). Morpho-physiological Characteristics of Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) under NaCl-stress and Rhizophagus fasciculatum as NaCl-stress Mitigator. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 47(4), 1285-1292. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha47411604
Section
Research Articles