Non-Destructive Leaf Area Estimation Model for Overall Growth Performances in Relation to Yield Attributes of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Cranz) under Water Deficit Conditions

  • Piyanan PIPATSITEE National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), 113 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Road, Khlong Nueng, Khlong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120
  • Apisit EIUMNOH National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), 113 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Road, Khlong Nueng, Khlong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120
  • Patchara PRASEARTKUL National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), 113 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Road, Khlong Nueng, Khlong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120
  • Navavit PONGANAN National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), 113 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Road, Khlong Nueng, Khlong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120
  • Kanyarat TAOTA National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), 113 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Road, Khlong Nueng, Khlong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120
  • Sumaid KONGPUGDEE National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), 113 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Road, Khlong Nueng, Khlong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120
  • Kampol SAKULLEERUNGROJ National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), 113 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Road, Khlong Nueng, Khlong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120
  • Suriyan CHA-UM National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), 113 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Road, Khlong Nueng, Khlong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120 http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7662-363X
Keywords: cassava; growth performances; leaf area index; non-destructive model; vegetation indices

Abstract

Cassava is a tropical storage root crop, a source of carbohydrate and alternative energy. It has been classified as “drought tolerant plant” for the whole life cycle, except during the root initiation stage (120-150 DAP). Leaf area index (LAI) is one of the most parameters representing the overall growth and yield prediction in cassava. The aim of this investigation was to validate the physiological and growth performance of cassava in responses to water deficit stress in the field trial as well as to investigate the leaf area index as an important factor to cassava growth and storage root bulking. Leaf relative water content in cassava declined significantly upon a long period of water withholding, and regulated non-photochemical quenching (NPQ), leading to chlorophyll degradation, reduced number of leaves and limited leaf area index (LAI) and loss of storage root yield when compared with well-irrigated plants. Non-destructive leaf area estimation model under water deficit stress condition using spectral reflectance to determine the LAI and VIs was validated. The Ratio Vegetation Index (RVI) was suitable model with high coefficient of determination (R2 = 0.89). However, the RVI as LAI at 150 DAP (120 d water withholding) could be considered as the critical point to indicate cassava growth and yield performance. Based on the results, cassava growth, biomass and yield in the different environments may further be investigated, taking into consideration the genotypic variation and using remote sensing technology for rapid monitoring and accurate and cost-effective data assessment.

 

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In press - Online First. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue.

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Pipatsitee et al, 2019. Growth Performances of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Cranz) under Water Deficit Conditions
Published
2019-04-10
How to Cite
PIPATSITEE, P., EIUMNOH, A., PRASEARTKUL, P., PONGANAN, N., TAOTA, K., KONGPUGDEE, S., SAKULLEERUNGROJ, K., & CHA-UM, S. (2019). Non-Destructive Leaf Area Estimation Model for Overall Growth Performances in Relation to Yield Attributes of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Cranz) under Water Deficit Conditions. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 47(3). https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha47311487
Section
Research Articles