Nutritional Value of Garden Dill (Anethum graveolens L.), Depending on Genotype

  • Anita BIESIADA Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences and Technology, Department of Horticulture, Wroclaw https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2354-5276
  • Kamil KĘDRA Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences and Technology, Department of Horticulture, Wroclaw
  • Katarzyna GODLEWSKA Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences and Technology, Department of Horticulture, Wroclaw
  • Antoni SZUMNY Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Science, Department of Chemistry, Wrocław
  • Agnieszka NAWIRSKA-OLSZAŃSKA Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Science, Department of Fruit, Vegetable and Plant Nutraceutical Technology, Wroclaw https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9417-767X
Keywords: antioxidant activity; chemical composition; garden dill; genotype; yield

Abstract

The yield, chemical composition and antioxidant activity of eight genotypes (‘Krezus’, ‘Turkus’, ‘Kozak’, ‘Szmaragd’, ‘Lukullus’, ‘Herkules’, ‘Ambrozja’, ‘Moravan’) of garden dill (Anethum graveolens L.) biomass was estimated. Field experiments were conducted in 2011-2013 in Poland. The crop lasted 44 days and plants were collected at the 4-5 true leaf stage (a bunch harvest). The highest marketable yield was obtained for ‘Krezus’ and ‘Szmaragd’ cultivars (1.18 kg·m-2), while the lowest for ‘Herkules’ (0.53 kg·m-2). The dry matter of leaves ranged from 15.17% (‘Ambrozja’) to 19.27% (‘Krezus’). The study also proved that the genotype influenced the content of chlorophylls a+b, e.g. 1.10 g·kg-1 (‘Moravan’) and 0.78 g·kg-1 (‘Lukullus’), respectively carotenoids: 21.43 mg·100 g-1 (‘Moravan’) and 11.78 mg·100 g-1 (‘Szmaragd’). The content of nitrates (371.48 mg·kg-1 ‘Lukullus’ - 110 mg·kg-1 ‘Szmaragd’), K (11.30% ‘Moravan’ - 5.37% ‘Kozak’), Ca (2.06% ‘Turkus’ - 1.77% ‘Kozak’), and oils (99.13% ‘Lukullus’ - 93.82% ‘Ambrozja’) was also varied. In most cases the content of Mg, P, sugars and ascorbic acid was on similar level. The antioxidant activity was significantly different between tested groups (12.22 µM·g-1 ‘Turkus’ - 6.27 µM·g-1 ‘Krezus’). The presented research proved that the genotype of garden dill affects yield and chemical composition of plants.

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Published
2019-05-31
How to Cite
BIESIADA, A., KĘDRA, K., GODLEWSKA, K., SZUMNY, A., & NAWIRSKA-OLSZAŃSKA, A. (2019). Nutritional Value of Garden Dill (Anethum graveolens L.), Depending on Genotype. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 47(3), 784-791. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha47311395
Section
Research Articles