Foliar N:P Stoichiometry in Aralia elata Distributed on Different Slope Degrees
Plant nitrogen (N) to phosphorus (P) stoichiometry is of essentially ecological meaning to non-wood forest production (NWFP) plant community in the temperate forest ecosystem. In this study, natural Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem. communities in montane areas of southern Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China were investigated for plant density, vegetative growth, and soil and leaf parameters on slopes in 5°, 9°, and 14° degrees. We found that individual height was greater in sites on 5°- (1.6 m) and 9°-degree slopes (1.9 m) than on the 14°-degree slope (0.8 m), but soil available P content was highest on the steepest slope (5.5, 4.0, and 16 mg kg-1, respectively). The foliar N:P ratio ranged 6–13. Nitrogen availability tended to promote community density and individual growth; while P availability tended to depress density but promote foliar biomass accumulation. By the diagnosis of plant nutritional monogram, the better growth and high foliar N:P ratio of about 13:1 in A. elata individuals on 9°-degree slope were generated by both deficiency-driving N uptake and excessive P depletion. We recommend the 9°-degree slope to develop A. elata community which can be fed by higher N availability if higher density was achieved.
In press - Online First. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue.
Abraham EM, Theodoropoulos K, Eleftheriadou E, Ragkos A, Kyriazopoulos AP, Parissi ZM, … Soutsas K (2015). Non-wood forest products from the understory and implications for rural development: The case of a broadleaf deciduous oak forest (Quercus frainetto Ten.) in Chalkidiki, Greece. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology 16:1024-1032.
Bai YG, Broersma K, Thompson D, Ross TJ (2004). Landscape-level dynamics of grassland-forest transitions in British Columbia. Journal of Range Management 57(1):66-75.
Bao SD (2000). Soil and agricultural chemistry analysis. China Agriculture Press, Beijing, China pp 76-79 (in Chinese).
Barron-Gafford GA, Will RE, Burkes C, Shiver B, Teskey RO (2003). Nutrient concentrations and contents, and their relation to stem growth, of intensively managed Pinus taeda and Pinus elliottii stands of different planting densities. Forest Science 49(2):291-300.
Bianchini E, Garcia CC, Pimenta JA, Torezan JMD (2010). Slope variation and population structure of tree species from different ecological groups in South Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 82(3):643-652.
Briand CH, Campion SM, Dzambo DA, Wilson KA (1999). Biomechanical properties of the trunk of the devil’s walking stick (Aralia spinosa; Araliaceae) during the crown-building phase: implications for tree architecture. American Journal of Botany 86(12):1677-1682.
Cao Y, Chen YM (2017). Coupling of plant and soil C:N:P stoichiometry in black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) plantations on the Loess Plateau, China. Trees 31(5):1559-1570.
Cernusak LA, Winter K, Turner BL (2010). Leaf nitrogen to phosphorus ratios of tropical trees: experimental assessment of physiological and environmental controls. New Phytologist 185(3):770-779.
Charlton WA (2009). Leaf development in Aralia elata in relation to the partial-shoot concept. Botany 87(2):136-144.
Drenovsky RE, Richards JH (2004). Critical N:P values: Predicting nutrient deficiencies in desert shrublands. Plant and Soil 259(1-2):59-69.
Ducey MJ, Moser WK, Ashton PMS (1996). Effect of fire intensity on understory composition and diversity in a Kalmia-dominated oak forest, New England, USA. Vegetation 123(1):81-90.
FAO (1999). Towards a harmonized definition of non-wood forest product. Unasylva 198(50):63-64.
Garrish V, Cernusak LA, Winter K, Turner BL (2010). Nitrogen to phosphorus ratio of plant biomass versus soil solution in a tropical pioneer tree, Ficus insipida. Journal of Experimental Botany 61(13):3735-3748.
Güsewell S (2004). N:P ratios in terrestrial plants: variation and functional significance. New Phytologist 164(2):243-266.
Goto Y, Yoshitake T, Okano M, Shimada K (1996). Seedling regeneration and vegetative resprouting after fires in Pinus densiflora forests. Vegetation 122(2):157-165.
Higo M, Shinohara A, Kodama S (1995). The regeneration behavior of major component species in the secondary forest dominated by Pinus densiflora and Quercus serrata in central Japan. Forest Ecology and Management 76(1-3):1-10.
Huber FK, Ineichen R, Yang YP, Weckerle CS (2010). Livelihood and conservation aspects of non-wood forest product collection in the Shaxi Valley, Southwest China. Economical Botany 64(3):189-204.
Jing H, Zhou HX, Wang GL, Xue S, Liu GB, Duan MC (2017). Nitrogen addition changes the stoichiometry and growth rate of different organs in Pinus tabuliformis seedlings. Frontiers in Plant Science 8:1922.
Ju Y, Zhuo JX, Liu B, Long CL (2013). Eating from the wild: diversity of wild edible plants used by Tibetans in Shangrila region, Yunnan, China. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9(1):28.
Kang HJ, Anbazhagan VR, You XL, Moon HK, Yi JS, Choi YE (2006). Production of transgenic Arlia elata regenerated from Agrobacterium rhizogenes-mediated transformed roots. Plant, Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 85(2):187-196.
Kang YX, Luczaj L, Kang J, Wang F, Hou JJ, Guo QP (2014). Wild food plants used by the Tibetans of Gongba Valley (Zhouqu county, Gansu, China). Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 10(1):20.
Kim YS, Kim MJ, Choi Y, Lee DH, Roh GS, Kim HJ, … Choi WS (2017). Aralia elata (Miq) seem extract decreases O-GlcNAc transferase expression and retinal cell death in diabetic mice. Journal of Medical Food 20(10):989-1001.
Koerselman W, Meuleman AFM (1996). The vegetation N:P ratio: a new tool to detect the nature of nutrient limitation. Journal of Applied Ecology 33(6):1441-1450.
Kolari KK, Sarjala T (1995). Acid phosphoatase activity and phosphorus nutrition in Scots pine needles. Tree Physiology 15(11):747-752.
Lewis SL, Tanner EVJ (2000). Effects of above- and belowground competition on growth and survival of rain forest tree seedlings. Ecology 81(9):2525-2538.
Li B, Zhang M, Zhong X, Mermond T, Ran JH, Yang XY (2013). Factors influencing the natural regeneration of arrow bamboo in giant panda habitat of the north Minshan Mountains, Southwestern China. Chinese Science Bulletin 58(18):2128-2133.
Li HS, Sun Q, Zhao SJ, Zhang WH (2000). Principles and techniques of plant physiological biochemical experiment. High Education Press, Beijing, China pp 184-185 (in Chinese).
Li LJ, Zeng DH, Yu ZY, Fan ZP, Mao R, Peri PL (2011). Foliar N/P ratio and nutrient limitation to vegetation growth on Keerqin sandy grassland of North-east China. Grass and Forage Science 66(2):237-242.
Li XW, Gao Y, Wei HX, Xia HT, Chen QX (2017). Growth, biomass accumulation and foliar nutrient status in fragrant rosewood (Dalbergia odorifera T.C. Chen) seedlings cultured with conventional and exponential fertilizations under different photoperiod regimes. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 63(2):153-162.
Mao R, Chen HM, Zhang XH, Shi FX, Song CC (2016). Effects of P addition on plant C:N:P stoichiometry in a N-limited temperate wetland of Northeast China. Science of Total Environment 559:1-6.
Mena-Petite A, Lacuesta M, Munoz-Rueda A (2006). Ammonium assimilation in Pinus radiata seedlings: effects of storage treatments, transplanting stress and water regimes after planting under simulated field conditions. Environmental and Experimental Botany 55(1-2):1-14.
Mo QF, Zou B, Li YW, Chen Y, Zhang WX, Mao R, … Wang FM (2015). Response of plant nutrient stoichiometry to fertilization varied with plant tissues in a tropical forest. Scientific Reports 5:14605.
Rabara RC, Behrman G, Timbol T, Rushton PJ (2017). Effect of spectral quality of monochromatic LED lights on the growth of artichoke seedlings. Frontiers in Plant Science 8:190.
Salifu KF, Timmer VR (2003). Optimizing nitrogen loading of Picea mariana seedlings during nursery culture. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33(7):1287-1294.
Sardans J, Grau O, Chen HYH, Janssens IA, Ciais P, Piao SL, Penuelas J (2017). Changes in nutrient concentrations of leaves and roots in response to global change factors. Global Change Biology 23(9):3849-3856.
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2001). Sustainable management of non-timber forest resources. Convention on Biological Diversity Technical Series 6. SCBD Press, Montreal, Canada pp 7-8.
Serapiglia MJ, Minocha R, Minocha SC (2008). Changes in polyamines, inorganic ions and glutamine synthetase activity in response to nitrogen availability and form in red spruce (Picea rubens). Tree Physiology 28(12):1793-1803.
Shikov AN, Pozharitskaya ON, Makarov VG (2016). Aralia elata var. mandshurica (Rupr. Maxim.) J. Wen: An overview of pharmacological studies. Phytomedicine 23(12):1409-1421.
Sitters J, Edwards PJ, Venterink HO (2013). Increases of soil C, N, and P pools along an Acacia tree density gradient and their effects on trees and grasses. Ecosystems 16(2):347-357.
Sun YC, Li BM, Lin XT, Xue J, Wang ZB, Zhang HW, … Kuang HX (2017). Simultaneous determination of four triterpenoid saponins in Aralia elata leaves by HPLC-ELSD combined with hierarchical clustering analysis. Phytochemical Analysis 28(3):202-2029.
Takahashi K, Arii K, Lechowicz MJ (2010). Codominance of Acer saccharum and Fagus grandifolia: the role of Fagus root sprouts along a slope gradient in an old-growth forest. Journal of Plant Research 123(5):665-674.
Tessier JT, Raynal DJ (2003). Use of nitrogen to phosphorus ratios in plant tissue as an indicator of nutrient limitation and nitrogen saturation. Journal of Applied Ecology 40(3):523-534.
Thalmann M, Santelia D (2017). Starch as a determinant of plant fitness under abiotic stress. New Phytologist 214(3):943-951.
von Oheimb G, Power SA, Falk K, Friedrich U, Mohamed A, Krug A, … Härdtle W (2010) N:P ratio and the nature of nutrient limitation in Calluna-dominated heathlands. Ecosystems 13(2):317-327.
Wang LM, Attiwill PM, Adams MA (1996). Fertilizer impacts on the understory of a regenerating mountain ash (Eucalyptus regnans F. Muell.) forest, Victoria. Austrian Journal of Ecology 21(4):459-463.
Wang XH (2012). A study on the impact of soil thickness and matrix matching of root garden on plant growth. In: IEEE, (2012) World Automation Congress, June 24-28, 2012, Pueto Vallarata, Mexico. IEEE, New York, USA.
Weand MP, Arthur MA, Lovett GM, Sikora F, Weathers KC (2010). The phosphorus status of northern hardwoods differs by species but is unaffected by nitrogen fertilization. Biogeochemistry 97(2-3):159-181.
Wei HX, Xu CY, Hawkins BJ, Ma LY, Jiang LN (2012). Organic amendment and inorganic fertilization affect soil properties and quality of Larix olgensis bareroot stock. New Forests 43(2):155-168.
Wei HX, Xu CY, Ma LY, Duan J, Jiang LN, Ren J (2014). Effect of late-season fertilization on nutrient reserves and carbohydrate accumulation in bareroot Larix olgensis seedlings. Journal of Plant Nutrition 37(2):279-293.
Whitman AA, Hunter Jr. ML, Withman JW (1998). Age distribution of ramets of a forest herb, wild sarsaparilla, Aralia nudicaulis (Araliaceae). Canadian Field-Naturalist 112(1):37-44.
Wujisguleng W, Khasbagen K (2010). An integrated assessment of wild vegetable resources in Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, China. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 6(1):34.
Xu YK, Tao GD, Liu HM, Yan KL, Dao XS (2004). Wild vegetable resources and market survey in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Economical Botany 58(4):647-667.
Zhang W, Zhao J, Pan FJ, Li DJ, Chen HS, Wang KL (2015). Changes in nitrogen and phosphorus limitation during secondary succession in a karst region in southwest China. Plant and Soil 391(1-2):77-91.
Zou XB, Huang FQ, Hao LM, Zhao JW, Mao HP, Zhang JC, Ren SY (2010). The socio-economic importance of wild vegetable resources and their conservation: A case study from China. Kew Bulletin 65(4):577-582.
Copyright (c) 2019 Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.