Yield, Quality and Phytochemicals of Organic and Conventional Raspberry Cultivated in Chihuahua, Mexico

  • María N. FRIAS-MORENO Autonomous University of Chihuahua, Faculty of Agrotechnological Sciences, Pascual Orozco Avenue, Campus 1, Santo Niño, CP 31350 Chihuahua
  • Guadalupe I. OLIVAS-OROZCO Center for Research in Food and Development, A.C. (CIAD), Rio Conchos S/N Parque Industrial Apdo. Postal 781. C.P. 31570, Cuauhtémoc
  • Gustavo A. GONZALEZ-AGUILAR Coordination of Food Technology of Plant Origin, Center for Research in Food and Development, A.C. (CIAD), Carretera a la Victoria Km 0.6. C.P. 83304, Hermosillo
  • Yael E. BENITEZ-ENRIQUEZ Autonomous University of Chihuahua, Faculty of Agrotechnological Sciences, Pascual Orozco Avenue, Campus 1, Santo Niño, CP 31350 Chihuahua
  • Adriana PAREDES-ALONSO Autonomous University of Chihuahua, Faculty of Agrotechnological Sciences, Pascual Orozco Avenue, Campus 1, Santo Niño, CP 31350 Chihuahua
  • Juan L. JACOBO-CUELLAR Autonomous University of Chihuahua, Faculty of Agrotechnological Sciences, Pascual Orozco Avenue, Campus 1, Santo Niño, CP 31350 Chihuahua
  • Nora A. SALAS-SALAZAR Autonomous University of Chihuahua, Faculty of Agrotechnological Sciences, Pascual Orozco Avenue, Campus 1, Santo Niño, CP 31350 Chihuahua
  • Damaris L. OJEDA-BARRIOS Autonomous University of Chihuahua, Faculty of Agrotechnological Sciences, Pascual Orozco Avenue, Campus 1, Santo Niño, CP 31350 Chihuahua
  • Rafael A. PARRA-QUEZADA Autonomous University of Chihuahua, Faculty of Agrotechnological Sciences, Pascual Orozco Avenue, Campus 1, Santo Niño, CP 31350 Chihuahua
Keywords: antioxidants, farming, organic amendments, Rubus idaeus L, systems

Abstract

Raspberry production represents an alternative for farmers in the temperate zones of Mexico. Due to the environmental impact caused by conventional agriculture, there is currently greater demand for organic food in the national and international market. To achieve this need, new fertilization techniques based on organic amendments are being tested. In the present study, yields and quality were evaluated over a 3-year period (2015, 2016 and 2017) as well as the phytochemical compounds of the production in 2017, with management of organic versus conventional fertilization of raspberry crop in open field in Cuauhtémoc, Chihuahua, Mexico. During the three years of study, the conventional fertilization system obtained higher yields, compared to the organic one, with values of 2,698 and 2,351 g per linear meter in 2015, 2,423 and 1,301 g per linear meter in 2016 and the data for 2017 were 3,077 and 2,550 g per linear meter, respectively. Regarding quality, the results showed no statistical differences between the two systems of production about colour, firmness, total soluble solids, titratable acidity and pH of the fruit. Differently the composition of phytochemicals, phenols, flavonoids, total anthocyanins and antioxidant capacity was better under the organic management. In conclusion, the conventional system showed higher yields, the quality of the fruits was not different between the two systems, while the levels of phytochemicals were higher with the organic farming. Therefore, it is important to continue the research in order to improve soil fertility and achieve higher yields under the organic management.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

APHA (1992). Standard method for water and wastewater examination. 17th edn. American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C.

Aktar W, Sengupta D, Chowdhury A (2009). Impact of pesticides use in agriculture: their benefits and hazards. Interdisciplinary Toxicology 2(1):1-12.

Bray RH, Kurtz LT (1945). Determination of total, organic and available forms of phosphate in soils. Soil Science 59(1):39-45.

Conti S, Villari G, Faugno S, Melchionna G, Somma S, Caruso G (2014). Effects of organic vs. conventional farming system on yield and quality of strawberry grown as an annual or biennial crop in southern Italy. Scientia Horticulturae 180:63-71.

Conti S, Villari G, Amico E, Caruso G (2015). Effects of production system and transplanting time on yield, quality and antioxidant content of organic winter squash (Cucurbita moschata Duch.). Scientia Horticulturae 183:136-143.

Cortés-Olmos C, Leiva-Brondo M, Roselló J, Raigón MD, Cebolla-Cornejo J (2014). The role of traditional varieties of tomato as sources of functional compounds. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 94(14):2888-2904.

Cuevas FJ, Pradas I, Ruiz-Moreno MJ, Arroyo FT, Perez-Romero LF, Montenegro JC, Moreno-Rojas JM (2015). Effect of organic and conventional management on bio-functional quality of thirteen plum cultivars (Prunus salicina Lindl.). PloS One 10(8):e0136596.

Crecente-Campo J, Nunes-Damaceno M, Romero-Rodríguez MA, Vázquez-Odériz ML (2012). Color, anthocyanin pigment, ascorbic acid and total phenolic compound determination in organic versus conventional strawberries (Fragaria × ananassa Duch, cv Selva). Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 28(1):23-30.

Chen W, Teng Y, Li Z, Liu W, Ren W, Luo Y, Christie P (2018). Mechanisms by which organic fertilizer and effective microbes mitigate peanut continuous cropping yield constraints in a red soil of south China. Applied Soil Ecology 128:23-34.

Dawson JC, Murphy KM, Huggins DR, Jones SS (2011). Evaluation of winter wheat breeding lines for traits related to nitrogen use under organic management. Organic Agriculture 1(2):65-80.

Diacono M, Montemurro F (2011). Long-term effects of organic amendments on soil fertility. In Sustainable Agriculture Vol. 2, pp 761-786, Springer, Dordrecht.

Dorais M, Alsanius B (2015). Advances and trends in organic fruit and vegetable farming research. Horticultural Reviews 43:185-268.

Forney CF, Jamieson AR, Pennell KDM, Jordan MA, Fillmore SA (2015). Relationships between fruit composition and storage life in air or controlled atmosphere of red raspberry. Postharvest Biology and Technology 110:121-130.

Francioli D, Schulz E, Lentendu G, Wubet T, Buscot F, Reitz T (2016). Mineral vs. organic amendments: microbial community structure, activity and abundance of agriculturally relevant microbes are driven by long-term fertilization strategies. Frontiers in Microbiology 7(1446):1-16.

Gastelum-Osorio DA, Sandoval-Villa M, Trejo-López C, Castro-Brindis R (2013). Fuerza iónica de la solución nutritiva y densidad de plantación sobre la producción y calidad de frutos de Physalis peruviana L. Revista Chapingo. Serie Horticultura 19(2):197-210.

Gomiero T (2017). Food quality assessment in organic vs. conventional agricultural produce: findings and issues. Applied Soil Ecology 30(40):1-15.

Hanson E, Marks T, Isaac R (2016). Organic high tunnel production of raspberries in a humid region. Acta Horticulturae 1133:259-262.

Hargreaves JC, Adl MS, Warman PR (2008). A review of the use of composted municipal solid waste in agriculture. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 123(1-3):1-14.

Hernández T, Chocano C, Moreno JL, García C (2014). Towards a more sustainable fertilization: combined use of compost and inorganic fertilization for tomato cultivation. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 196:178-184.

Ibrahim KH, Fadni OAS (2013). Effect of organic fertilizers application on growth, yield and quality of tomatoes in North Kordofan (sandy soil) western Sudan. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3(4):299-304.

Jin P, Wang SY, Wang CY, Zheng YH (2011). Effect of cultural system and storage temperature on antioxidant capacity and phenolic compounds in strawberries. Food Chemistry 124(1):262-270.

Jin P, Wang SY, Gao H, Chen H, Zheng Y, Wang CY (2012). Effect of cultural system and essential oil treatment on antioxidant capacity in raspberries. Food Chemistry 132(1):399-405.

Jones JB, WolfB, Mills HA (1991). Plant analysis handbook: a practical sampling, preparation, analysis, and interpretation guide. Micro-macro Publ. Inc., Athens, GA, USA.

Kumar V, Kumar V, Upadhyay N, Sharma S (2015). Interactions of atrazine with transition metal ions in aqueous media: experimental and computational approach. 3 Biotech 5(5):791-798.

Lairon D (2010). Nutritional quality and safety of organic food. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 30:33-41.

Lairon D (2011). Nutritional quality and safety of organic food. A review. Médecine & Nutrition 47(1):19-31.

Lee J, Durst RW, Wrolstad RE (2005). Determination of total monomeric anthocyanin pigment content of fruit juices, beverages, natural colorants, and wines by the pH differential method: collaborative study. Journal of AOAC International 88(5):1269-1278.

Lima GP, Vianello F (2011). Review on the main differences between organic and conventional plant-based foods. International Journal of Food Science & Technology 46(1):1-13.

Lima GPP, Machado TM, Oliveira LMD, Borges LDS, Pedrosa VDA, Vanzani P, Vianello F (2014). Ozonated water and chlorine effects on the antioxidant properties of organic and conventional broccoli during postharvest. Scientia Agricola 71(2):151-156.

Lima GPP, Borges CV, Vianello F, Cisneros-Zevallos L, Minatel IO (2017). Phytochemicals in organic and conventional fruits and vegetables. Fruit and Vegetable Phytochemicals: Chemistry and Human Health, pp 1305-1322.

Liu M, Li XQ, Weber C, Lee CY, Brown J, Liu RH (2002). Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of raspberries. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 50(10):2926-2930.

Malvi UR (2011). Interaction of micronutrients with major nutrients with special reference to potassium. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 24(1):106-109.

Maggio A, De Pascale S, Paradiso R, Barbieri G (2013). Quality and nutritional value of vegetables from organic and conventional farming. Scientia Horticulturae 164:532-539.

Muller L (1961). Un aparato micro Kjeldahl simple para análisis rutinarios rápidos de materias vegetales. Turrialba 11(1):17-25.

Nachtigall GR, Dechen AR (2006). Seasonality of nutrients in leaves and fruits of apple trees. Scientia Agricola 63(5):493-501.

Noriega-Cantú DH, Garrido-Ramírez ER, Pereyda-Hernández J, Domínguez-Márquez VM, López-Estrada ME (2012). Evaluation of two systems of production for Mexican lime (Citrus aurantifolia, Swingle) in Guerrero México. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems 15(2):415-425.

Oliveira AB, Moura CF, Gomes-Filho E, Marco CA, Urban L, Miranda MRA (2013). The impact of organic farming on quality of tomatoes is associated to increased oxidative stress during fruit development. PLoS One 8(2):e56354.

Olsen SR (1954). Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington.

Olsson ME, Andersson CS, Oredsson S, Berglund RH, Gustavsson K (2006). Antioxidant levels and inhibition of cancer cell proliferation in vitro by extracts from organically and conventionally cultivated strawberries. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 54(4):1248-1255.

Orsini F, Maggio A, Rouphael Y, De Pascale S (2016). “Physiological quality” of organically grown vegetables. Scientia Horticulturae 208:131-139.

Pacheco ALV, Pagliarini MF, de Freitas GB, Santos RHS, Serrão JE, Zanuncio JC (2017). Mineral composition of pulp and production of the yellow passion fruit with organic and conventional fertilizers. Food Chemistry 217:425-430.

Prashar P, Shah S (2016). Impact of fertilizers and pesticides on soil microflora in agriculture. Sustainable Agriculture Reviews, Springer, Cham, pp 331-361.

Pedreros A, González MI, Manosalva V (2008). Effect of organic mulching on growth and yield of raspberry cv ‘Heritage’. Acta Horticulturae 777:473-476.

Picchi V, Migliori C, Scalzo RL, Campanelli G, Ferrari V, Di Cesare LF (2012). Phytochemical content in organic and conventionally grown Italian cauliflower. Food Chemistry 130(3):501-509.

Polat E, Demir H, Erler F (2010). Yield and quality criteria in organically and conventionally grown tomatoes in Turkey. Scientia Agricola 67(4):424-429.

Quirós R, Villalba G, Muñoz P, Font X, Gabarrell X (2014). Environmental and agronomical assessment of three fertilization treatments applied in horticultural open field crops. Journal of Cleaner Production 67:147-158.

Rapisarda P, Camin F, Fabroni S, Perini M, Torrisi B, Intrigliolo F (2010). Influence of different organic fertilizers on quality parameters and the ?15N, ?13C, ?2H, ?34S, and ?18O values of orange fruit (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58(6):3502-3506.

Rivera-Becerril F, van Tuinen D, Chatagnier O, Rouard N, Béguet J, Kuszala C (...) Martin-Laurent F (2017). Impact of a pesticide cocktail (fenhexamid, folpel, deltamethrin) on the abundance of Glomeromycota in two agricultural soils. Science of the Total Environment 577:84-93.

Robbins RJ (2003). Phenolic acids in foods: an overview of analytical methodology. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51(10):2866-2887.

Romero-Domínguez L, Parra-Quezada RA, Jacobo-Cuellar JL, Ojeda-Barrios DL, Guerreo-Prieto VM, Ávila-Quezada GD, Ruiz-Anchondo TJ (2017). Respuesta de portainjertos de manzano a vigor, eficiencia de producción y concentraciones foliar y en fruto de NPK. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas 8(4):849-861.

Roussos PA, Gasparatos D (2009). Apple tree growth and overall fruit quality under organic and conventional orchard management. Scientia Horticulturae 123(2):247-252.

SAGARPA (2016). Secretaria de Ganaderia, Agricultura, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Aliemntacion. Retrieved 2017 November 12 from https://www.gob.mx/sagarpa/prensa/se-duplica-en-tres-anos-produccion-de -frambuesa-hecho-en mexico?idiom=es.

SIAP (2015). Servicio de Información Agroalimentaria y Pesquera. Retrieved 2017 November 12 from http://infosiap.siap.gob.mx:8080/agricola_siap_gobmx/ResumenDelegacion.do.

Slinkard K, Singleton VL (1977). Total phenol analysis: automation and comparison with manual methods. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 28(1):49-55.

Suge JK, Omunyin ME, Omami EN (2011). Effect of organic and inorganic sources of fertilizer on growth, yield and fruit quality of eggplant (Solanum melongena L). Archives of Applied Science Research 3(6):470-479.

Skrovankova S, Sumczynski D, Mlcek J, Jurikova T, Sochor J (2015). Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity in different types of berries. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 16(10):24673-24706.

Tao R, Liang Y, Wakelin SA, Chu G (2015). Supplementing chemical fertilizer with an organic component increases soil biological function and quality. Applied Soil Ecology 96:42-51.

Velderrain-Rodríguez GR, Torres-Moreno H, Villegas-Ochoa MA, Ayala-Zavala JF, Robles-Zepeda RE, Wall-Medrano A, González-Aguilar GA (2018). Gallic acid content and an antioxidant mechanism are responsible for the antiproliferative activity of ‘Ataulfo’mango peel on LS180 cells. Molecules 23(3):695.

van Bueren EL, Jones SS, Tamm L, Murphy KM, Myers JR, Leifert C, Messmer MM (2011). The need to breed crop varieties suitable for organic farming, using wheat, tomato and broccoli as examples: a review. NJAS-Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 58(3):193-205.

Vicente AR, Ortugno C, Powell AL, Greve LC, Labavitch JM (2007). Temporal sequence of cell wall disassembly events in developing fruits. 1. Analysis of raspberry (Rubus idaeus). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 55(10):4119-4124.

Vinha AF, Barreira SVP, Costa ASG, Alves RC, Oliveira MBPP (2014). Organic versus conventional tomatoes: Influence on physicochemical parameter, bioactive compounds and sensorial attributes. Food and Chemical Toxicology 67:139-144.

Wang SY, Chen CT, Sciarappa W, Wang C Y, Camp MJ (2008). Fruit quality, antioxidant capacity, and flavonoid content of organically and conventionally grown blueberries. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56(14):5788-5794.

Winter CK, Davis SF (2006). Organic foods. Journal of Food Science 71(9):117-124.

Zarabi M, Jalai M (2012). Rate of nitrate and ammonium release from organic residues. Compost Science & Utilization 20(4):222-229.

Zhishen J, Mengcheng T, Jianming W (1999). The determination of flavonoid contents in mulberry and their scavenging effects on superoxide radicals. Food Chemistry 64(4):555-559.

Published
2018-12-21
How to Cite
FRIAS-MORENO, M. N., OLIVAS-OROZCO, G. I., GONZALEZ-AGUILAR, G. A., BENITEZ-ENRIQUEZ, Y. E., PAREDES-ALONSO, A., JACOBO-CUELLAR, J. L., SALAS-SALAZAR, N. A., OJEDA-BARRIOS, D. L., & PARRA-QUEZADA, R. A. (2018). Yield, Quality and Phytochemicals of Organic and Conventional Raspberry Cultivated in Chihuahua, Mexico. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 47(2), 522-530. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha47211385
Section
Research Articles