Effect of Aqueous Extracts of Peppermint (Mentha × piperita L.) on the Germination and the Growth of Selected Vegetable and Cereal Seeds
Peppermint (Mentha × piperita L.) is grown in the gardens for its attractive look and multilateral use in the kitchen and medicine. The grown plant spreads very easily producing stolons and could effectively compete with other plant species. For the purpose of this study, the effect of aqueous extracts from dry peppermint leaves was examined on the germination, growth, fresh and dry weight, and electrolytes leakage of 10 species commonly grown in different regions of the world: Beta vulgaris L., Cucumis sativus L., Lactuca sativa L., Lupinus luteus L., Phaseolus vulgaris L., Raphanus sativus L. var. radicula Pers., Sinapis alba L., Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., Triticum aestivum L., and Zea mays L. Several concentrations of the aqueous extracts from peppermint leaves were prepared: 1, 3, 5, 10, and 15%. The seeds germination decreased with increasing concentration of aqueous extracts from peppermint leaves. The seed germination was completely inhibited on Petri dishes with 10 and 15% extracts. The tomato seeds were the most sensitive, they germinated on the distilled water and 1% extract only. The most resistant were the bean seeds that had the highest germination capacity. In general, the growth of seedlings of analyzed species was inhibited by the aqueous extracts from peppermint leaves. However, it was noticed the stimulating effect on the seedling growth of bean and maize on the 1% extract. The aqueous extracts from peppermint leaves caused the electrolyte leakage in all examined species and it raised with increasing extract concentration at the concentration higher than 3%.
Amin C, Brinis L (2013). Effect of seed size on germination and establishment of vigorous seedlings in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.). Advances in Environmental Biology 7(1):77-81.
Ayoub A, Fatima K, M’hamed E, Mohammed T, El Hassan A, Sanaa Ch, … Tarik A (2018). Chemical study by GC-MS of the essential oils of certain mints grown in the region of Settat (Morocco): Mentha piperita, Mentha pulegium and Mentha spicata. Drug Designing and Intellectual Properties International Journal 1(4):1-4.
Bhadoria PBS (2011). Allelopathy: A natural way towards weed management. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 1(1):7-20.
Blum U, Shafer SR (1988). Microbial populations and phenolic acids in soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 20:793-800.
Bufalo J, Zheljazkov VD, Cantrel, CL, Astatkie T, Ciampa L, Jeliazkova E (2015). Diurnal effects on spearmint oil yields and composition. Scientia Horticulturae 182:73-76.
Campiglia E, Mancinelli R, Cavalieri A, Caporali F (2007). Use of essential oils of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum L.), lavender (Lavandula spp.) and peppermint (Mentha ×piperita L.) for weed control. Italian Journal of Agronomy 2:171-175.
Ciesielska A, Borkowska M (2010). The effect of aqueous extracts of ground seeds of Agrostemma githago on the germination of winter wheat and barley. Journal of Research and Applications in Agricultural Engineering 55(3):40-43 [in Polish].
Czikow P, Laptiew J (1983). Medicinal plants and rich in vitamins. Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Rolnicze i Le?ne, Warszawa p. 227-228 [in Polish].
Dahiya S, Kumar S, Khedwal RS, Jakhar SR (2017). Allelopathy for sustainable weed management. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 6(SP1):832-837.
de Albuquerque MB, dos Santos RC, Lima LM, de Albuquerque Melo Filho P, Mansur Custódio Nogueira RJ, Gomes da Camara CA, de Rezende Ramos A (2011). Allelopathy, an alternative tool to improve cropping systems. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 31:379-395.
Dudai N, Poljakoff-Mayber A, Mayber AM, Putievsky E, Lerner HR (1999). Essential oils as allelochemicals and their potential use as bioherbicides. Journal of Chemical Ecology 25:1079-1089.
Golisz A, Sugano M, Fujii Y (2008). Microarray expression profiling of Arabidopsis thaliana L. in response to allelochemicals identified in buckwheat. Journal of Experimental Botany 59:3099-3109.
Griffin S, Markham JL, Dennis G, Grant Wyllie S (2000). Using atomic force microscopy to view the effects of terpenoids on the stability and packing of phosphatidylcholine supported lipid bilayers. Proceedings 31st International Symposium on Essential Oils, Hamburg, 10-13 September 2000.
Harper JR, Balke NE (1981). Characterization of the inhibition of K+ absorption in oat roots by salicylic acid. Plant Physiology 68:1349.
Jezierska-Domaradzka A (2007). Allelopathic potential of plants as an opportunity to reduce weed infestation of agricultural crops. Studia i Raporty IUNG 8:23-28 [in Polish].
Jezierska-Domaradzka A, Ku?niewski E (2007). Allelopathic effect of water extracts of Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik and Stellaria media (L.) Vill on germination and juvenile stages of Ocimum basilicum L. and Origanum majorana L. Annales UMCS, Sectio E 62(2):10-16 [in Polish].
Kadioglu I, Yanar Y, Asav U (2005). Allelopathic effects of weeds extracts against seed germination of some plants. Journal of Environmental Biology 26(2):169-173.
Kaur S, Singh HP, Mittal S, Batish DR, Kohli RK (2010). Phytotoxic effects of volatile oil from Artemisia scoparia against weeds and its possible use as a bioherbicide. Industrial Crops and Products 32:54-61.
Khalaj MA, Amiri M, Azimi MH (2013). Allelopathy: physiological and sustainable agriculture important aspects. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production 4(5):950-962.
Kiec J, Wieczorek D (2009). Investigation on aqeous plant extracts tested as biologically active factors used for weed control. Progress in Plant Protection 49(1):371-377 [in Polish].
Koger CH, Reddyk N, Postond H (2004). Factors affecting seed germination, seedling emergence, and survival of texasweed (Caperonia palustris). Weed Science 52(6):989-995.
Kraska P, Kwiecinska-Poppe E (2007). The influence of water extract from Apera spica-venti on germination energy and germination capacity of Secale cereale and Triticosecale. Annales UMCS 62(2):127-136 [in Polish].
Lawrence BM (2007). Mint. The Genus Mentha. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants – Industrial Profiles. CRC Press London.
Lipinska H (2006). Kielkowanie nasion i wzrost siewek wybranych gatunkow traw w warunkach oddzialywania blastokolin kielkujacych nasion traw. Acta Agrobotanica 59(2):253-262 [in Polish].
Macias FA, Lopez A, Verela RM, Torres A, Molinillo JMG (2002). Bioactive terpenoids from sunflower leaves cv. Peredovic. Phytochemistry 61:687-692.
Marczewska-Kolasa K, Bortniak M, Sekutowski TR, Domaradzki K (2017). Influence of water extracts from cornflower on germination and growth of cereals seedlings. Journal of Research and Applications in Agricultural Engineering 62(3):208-211.
Mozdzen K, Repka P (2014). Allelopathic influence of aqueous extracts from the leaves Morus alba L. on seed germination and seedling growth of Cucumis sativus L. and Sinapsis alba L. Modern Phytomorphology 5:93-99.
Mutlu S, Atici O, Esim N, Mete E (2011). Essential oils of catmint (Nepeta meyeri Benth.) induce oxidative stress in early seedlings of various weed species. Acta Physiology Plant 33:943-951.
Mystkowska I, Zarzecka K, Baranowska A, Gugala M (2016). Peppermint - herb plant with multiple phytochemical properties. Herbalism 2:117-127 [in Polish].
Newerli-Guz J (2016). The cultivation of herbal plants in Poland. Annals of the Polish Association of Agricultural and Agribusiness Economists 18(3):268-274 [in Polish].
Nik MM, Babaeian M, Tavassol A (2011). Effect of seed size and genotype on germination characteristic and seed nutrient content of wheat. Scientific Research and Essays 6(9):2019-2025.
Pula J, Barabasz-Krasny B, Mozdzen K, Soltys-Lelek A, Lepiarczyk A (2016). Effect of aqueous extracts of Sticky willy (Galium aparine L.) on the growth of seedlings of selected maize varieties (Zea mays L.). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 44(2):518-524.
Rice EL (1984). Allelopathy, 2nd edition. Academic Press. Orlando, USA pp 67-68.
Ridenour WM, Callaway RM (2001). The relative importance of allelopathy in interference: the effects of an invasive weed on a native bunchgrass. Oecologia 126:444-450.
Rita P, Animesh DK (2011). An updated overview on peppermint (Mentha ×piperita L.). International Research Journal of Pharmacy 2:1-10.
Sadeghi H, Khazaei F, Sheidaei S, Yari L (2011). Effect of seed size on seed germination behavior of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 6(4):5-8.
Saharkhiz MJ, Esmaeili S, Merikhi M (2010). Essential oil analysis and phytotoxic activity of two ecotypes of Zataria multiflora Boiss. growing in Iran. Natural Product Research 24(17):1598-1609.
Sanders D, Bethke P (2000). Membrane transport. In: Buchanan B, Gruissem W, Jones R (Eds). Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants. American Society of Plant Physiologists, Rockville pp 110-159.
Sekutowski T (2010). Alleloherbicides and bioherbicdes – myth or reality? Journal of Research and Applications in Agricultural Engineering 55(4):84-90 [in Polish].
Siyar S, Chaudhry Z, Hussain F, Hussain Z, Majeed A (2017). Allelopathic effects of some common weeds prevailing in wheat fields on growth characteristics of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). PSM Biological Research 2(3):124-127.
Skrzypek E, Repka P, Stachurska-Swakon A, Barabasz-Krasny B, Mozdzen K (2015a). Allelopathic effect of aqueous extracts from the leaves of peppermint (Mentha ×piperita L.) on selected physiological processes of common sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 43(2):335-342.
Skrzypek E, Repka P, Stachurska-Swakon A, Barabasz-Krasny B, Mozdzen K (2015b). Influence of extracts from peppermint (Mentha ×piperita (L.) Hudson) on growth and activity of the PSII sunflower garden (Helianthus annuus L.). In: Bryndza J, Klymenko S (Eds). Agrobiodiversity for Improving Nutrition, Health and Life Quality 2:631-634.
Skrzypek E, Repka P, Stachurska-Swakon A, Barabasz-Krasny B, Mozdzen K (2016). Seedlings growth of common sunflower under influence of peppermint extract. Modern Phytomorphology 9:69-73.
Szweykowska A, Szweykowski J (2003). Botany dictionary. Universal Knowledge. Warszawa pp 516-517 [in Polish].
Takeuchi S, Tamaoki L, Kondo M, Konno K (1994). Effect of menthol on cytosolic Ca2+ levels in canine airway epithelium in culture. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 201:1333-1338.
Teaca CA, Bodirla UR, Oprea A, Colceru S (2008). Influence of plant extracts on germination and post – germination development of different species. Cellulose Chemistry and Technology 42(1):121-127.
Tsuzuki E, Dong Y (2003). Buckwheat allelopathy: use in weed management. Allelopathy Journal 12:1-12.
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.