Effects of 5-aminolevulinic Acid on the Photosynthesis, Antioxidant System, and α-Bisabolol Content of Matricaria recutita
Matricaria recutita is a widely used medicinal plant with broad pharmacological effects, and α-bisabolol is the main active ingredient of this plant. To improve its α-bisabolol content, M. recutita was sprayed with different concentrations (1.0, 2.0,and 4.0 mmol.L−1) of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) or with water as a control to study the effects of ALA treatment on the photosynthesis, antioxidant system, and α-bisabolol content of M. recutita. Results showed that the photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance, intercellular CO2 concentration, soluble protein, total amino acids, soluble sugar, and α-bisabolol of M. recutita were significantly increased. Moreover, the activities of superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, and catalase of M. recutita were also enhanced by ALA treatment. Optimal results were obtained when the concentration of ALA was 2.0 mmol.L−1. Results showed that ALA treatment could improve the α-bisabolol content of M. recutita, and the underlying physiological mechanism was analyzed. ALA treatment was an effective measure for improving the medicinal value of M. recutita.
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