Enhancement of Drought Tolerance in Trifoliate Orange by Mycorrhiza: Changes in Root Sucrose and Proline Metabolisms

  • Fei ZHANG 1) College of Horticulture and Gardening, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 434025 Hubei 2) Institute of Root Biology, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 434025 Hubei
  • Jia-Dong HE 1) College of Horticulture and Gardening, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 434025 Hubei 2) Institute of Root Biology, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 434025 Hubei
  • Qiu-Dan NI 1) College of Horticulture and Gardening, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 434025 Hubei 2) Institute of Root Biology, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 434025 Hubei
  • Qiang-Sheng WU 1) College of Horticulture and Gardening, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 434025 Hubei 2) Institute of Root Biology, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 434025 Hubei 3) University of Hradec Kralove, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, 50003 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3405-8409
  • Ying-Ning ZOU 1) College of Horticulture and Gardening, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 434025 Hubei 2) Institute of Root Biology, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 434025 Hubei http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2607-2689

Abstract

Sucrose and proline metabolisms are often associated with drought tolerance of plants. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of two arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) species (Funneliformis mosseae and Paraglomus occultum) on root biomass, lateral root number, root sucrose and proline metabolisms in trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata) seedlings under well-watered (WW) or drought stress (DS). All the AMF treatments significantly increased root dry weight, taproot length, and the number of lateral roots in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd class under WW and DS. Mycorrhizal seedlings conferred considerably higher fructose and glucose concentrations but lower sucrose accumulation, regardless of soil water status. Under DS, F. mosseae treatment significantly increased root sucrose synthase (SS, degradative direction) and sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS) activity but deceased root acid invertase (AI) and neutral invertase (NI) activity, and P. occultum inoculation markedly increased root AI, NI, SS, and SPS activities. AMF treatments led to a lower proline accumulation in roots, in company with lower activities of Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS), δ-ornithine aminotransferase (OAT), Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase (P5CR), and proline dehydrogenase (ProDH) in roots. It appears that the AM symbiosis induced greater root development and sucrose and proline metabolisms to adapt DS.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...
Published
2018-01-01
How to Cite
ZHANG, F., HE, J.-D., NI, Q.-D., WU, Q.-S., & ZOU, Y.-N. (2018). Enhancement of Drought Tolerance in Trifoliate Orange by Mycorrhiza: Changes in Root Sucrose and Proline Metabolisms. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 46(1), 270-276. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha46110983
Section
Research Articles