Influence of Sustainable Fertilization on Yield and Quality Food of Mountain Grassland
Keywords:biodiversity, chemical composition, plant nutrition, quality feed, species richness
The semi-natural grasslands in Romanian mountains are particularly important for the sustainable development of this region. Therefore, the objective of this paper was to evaluate the effects of mineral and manure fertilization upon the sward in order to recommend certain versions which have minor repercussions upon the plant diversity. In this study, we examined the influence of organic and mineral fertilizers on the production, biodiversity and quality of green fodder. The experiment was set up in mountain grassland of Festuca rubra L. and Agrostis capillaris L., during five years. In the experiment was evaluated the effects of management treatments on productivity, biodiversity and quality of the forage grass. The rate applications of fertilizers determine the number of species and the rate of production. The small quantities of organic and mineral nutrients (10 t·ha-1 manure and 30 kg·ha-1 nitrogen) can lead to larger yields while at the same time, improving biodiversity conservation and the quality of forage. Using a low input-based management system can be a solution that will lead to higher yields and contribute to biodiversity conservation and the good quality of the forage. In conclusion the use of a fertilizer management regime based on small quantities of organic and mineral nutrients can lead to larger yields while at the same time, improving biodiversity conservation and the quality of forage.
Andueza D, Cruz P, Farruggia A, Baumont R, Picard F, Michalet-Doreau B (2010). Nutritive value of two meadows and relationships with some vegetation traits. Grass and Forage Science 65:325-334.
Araya YN, Gowing DJ, Dise N (2013). Does soil nitrogen availability mediate the response of grassland composition to water regime? Journal Vegetation Science 24:506-517.
Assaf TA, Beyschlag W, Isselstein J (2011). The relationship between plant diversity and productivity in natural and in managed grasslands. Applied Ecology Environmental Research 9:157-166.
Bailey JS, Cushnahan A, Beattie JAM (1997). The diagnosis and recommendation integrated system (DRIS) for diagnosing the nutrient status of grassland swards: II. Model calibration and validation. Plant and Soil 197:137-147.
Bruinenberg MH, Valk H, Korevaar H, Struik PC (2002). Factors affecting digestibility of temperate forages from seminatural grasslands: a review. Grass and Forage Science 57:292-301.
Cao J, Holden NM, Lü XT, Du G (2011). The effect of grazing management on plant species richness on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Grass and Forage Science 66:333-336.
Chapin FS, Zavaleta ES, Eviner VT, Naylor RL, Vitousek PM, Reynolds HL, … Diaz S (2000). Consequences of changing biodiversity. Nature 405:234-242.
Chytrý M, Hejcman M, Hennekens S, Schellberg J (2009). Changes in vegetation types and Ellenberg indicator values after 65 years of fertilizer application in the Rengen Grassland Experiment, Germany. Applied Vegetation Science 12:167-176.
Coleman SW, Moore JE (2001). Feed quality and animal performance. Field Crop Research 84:17-29.
Cristea V, Gafta D, Pedrotti F (2004). Fitosociologie. Editura Presa Universitara Clujeana (in Romanian).
Dale LM, Pierna JF, Vermeulen P, Lecler B, Bogdan AD, Pacurar F, Rotar I, Thewis A, Baeten B (2012). Research on crude protein and digestibility of Arnica montana L. using conventional NIR spectrometry and hyperspectral imaging NIR. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 10:391-396.
Duru M, Cruz P, Theau JP (2010). A simplified method for characterising agronomic services provided by species-rich grasslands. Crop Pasture Science 61:420-433.
Hejcman M, Schellberg J, Pavlu V (2010). Long-term effects of cutting frequency and liming on soil chemical properties, biomass production and plant species composition of Lolio-Cynosuretum grassland after the cessation of fertilizer application. Applied Vegetation Science 13:257-269.
Honsová D, Hejcman M, Klaudisová M, Pavlu V, Kocourková D, Hak J (2007). Species composition of an alluvial meadow after 40 years of applying nitrogen, phospohorus and potassium fertilizer. Preslia 79:245-258.
Hopkins A, Gilbey J, Dibb C, Bowling PJ, Murray PJ (1990). Response of permanent and reseeded grassland to fertilizer nitrogen. 1. Herbage production and herbage quality. Grass and Forage Science 45:43-55.
Hopkins A, Pywell R, Peel S, Johnson R, Bowling P (1999). Enhancement of botanical diversity of permanent grassland and impact on hay production in Environmentally Sensitive Areas in the UK. Grass and Forage Science 54:163-173.
Hrevušová Z, Hejcman M, Pavlu VV, Hakl J, Klaudisová M, Mrkvicka J (2009). Long-term dynamics of biomass production, soil chemical properties and plant species composition of alluvial grassland after the cessation of fertilizer application in the Czech Republic. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 130:123-130.
Kesting S, Wrage N, Isselstein J (2009). Herbage mass and nutritive value of herbage of extensively managed temperate grasslands along a gradient of shrub encroachment. Grass and Forage Science 64:246-254.
Lemaire G, Gastal F, Salette J (1989). Analysis of the effect of N nutrition on dry matter yield of a sward by reference to potential yield and optimum N content. Proceedings of of the 16th International Grassland Congress, Nice, France pp 179-180.
Liebisch F, Bünemann EK, Huguenin-Elie O, Jeangros B, Frossard E, Oberson A (2013). Plant phosphorus nutrition indicators evaluated in agricultural grasslands managed at different intensities. European Journal of Agronomy 44:67-77.
Louault F, Pillar VD, Aufrère J, Garnier E, Soussana JF (2004). Plant traits functional types in response to reduced disturbance in a semi-natural grassland. Journal of Vegetation Science 16:151-160.
Oates LG, Undersander DJ, Gratton C, Bell MM, Jackson RD (2011). Management-intensive rotational grazing enhances forage production and quality of subhumid cool-season pastures. Crop Science 51:892-901.
Pasho E, Papanastasis VP, Pelz D, Lakos T (2011). Inventory and evaluation of grasslands in Albania. Grass and Forage Science 66:123-137.
Pacurar F, Rotar I, Bogdan AD, Vidican R, Dale LM (2012). The influence of mineral and organic long-term fertilization upon the floristic composition of Festuca rubra L. - Agrostis capillaris L. grassland in Apuseni mountains, Romania. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environmental 10:866-879.
Reiss J, Bailey RA, Perkins DM, Pluchinotta A, Guy W (2011). Testing effects of consumer richness, evenness and body size on ecosystem functioning. Journal of Animal Ecology 80:1145-1154.
Samuil C, Vintu V, Sîrbu C, Popovici CI (2012a). Influence of fertilization on the vegetation and production of Festuca valesiaca L. grassland. Fourrages 210:151-157.
Samuil C, Vintu V, Sîrbu C, Surmei GB (2012b). Behaviour of fodder mixtures with alfalfa in North-Eastern Romania. Romanian Agriculture Research 29:227-235.
Sara A, Odagiu A (2005). Controlul calitatii nutreturilor. Editura AcademicPres Cluj-Napoca (in Romanian).
Sîrbu C, Oprea A, Samuil C, Tanase C (2012). Neophyte invasion in Moldavia (eastern Romania) in different habitat types. Folia Geobotanica 46:215-229.
Vîntu V, Samuil C, Rotar I, Moisuc A, Razec I (2011a). Influence of the management on the phytocoenotic biodiversity of some Romanian representative grassland types. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 39:119-125.
Vîntu V, Samuil C, Sîrbu C, Popovici CI, Stavarache M (2011b). Sustainable Management of Nardus stricta L. Grasslands in Romania’s Carpathians. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 39:142-145.
Yu YW, Fraser MD, Evans JG (2011). Long-term effects on sward composition and animal performance of reducing fertilizer inputs to upland permanent pasture. Grass and Forage Science 66:138-151.
How to Cite
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.