Qualitative Assessment of the White Wine Varieties Grown in Dealu Bujorului Vineyard, Romania

  • Florin D. BORA Research Station for Viticulture and Enology Târgu Bujor, Department of Agrochemistry, 805200 Târgu Bujor
  • Alina DONICI Research Station for Viticulture and Enology Târgu Bujor, Department of Agrochemistry, 805200 Târgu Bujor
  • Aurel OSLOBANU “Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Farmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Cluj-Napoca
  • Avram FIȚIU University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, 3-5 Mănăștur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca
  • Anca C. BABEȘ University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Horticulture and Landscaping, 3-5 Mănăștur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca
  • Claudiu I. BUNEA University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Horticulture and Landscaping, 3-5 Mănăștur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca

Abstract

Ecoclimatic conditions have a great influence on grapevine growth and development. Favourable conditions (solar radiation, temperature, humidity etc.) are important and have a positive effect on the growth and fruition. Critical conditions have negative influences resulting in low grape production and wine quality. The purpose of this research was to analyse the quality of wine obtained from eight grapevine varieties (four Romanian autochthonous varieties: ‘Feteasca regala’, ‘Feteasca alba’, ‘Babeasca gri’, ‘Sarba’, and four world-wide varieties: ‘Aligoté’, ‘Sauvignon Blanc’, ‘Muscat Ottonel’, and ‘Italian Riesling’). The wine samples were obtained from micro-wine production under local weather conditions of Dealu Bujorului
vineyard, Romania. The physico-chemical analysis of young wines showed that the highest alcohol content was recorded at the ‘Sauvignon blanc’ variety (14.35% vol.) followed by ‘Sarba’ (14.10% vol.). The highest level of acidity was registered to ‘Babeasca gri’ (5.90 g/L C4H6O6) and the lowest acidity in the ‘Muscat Ottonel’ wine (4.40 g/L C4H6O6). The pH values were between limits of 3.62 (‘Feteasca alba’) and 3.27 (‘Aligote’). In order to get a wider perspective about the wine quality, another 11 parameters were examined at these varieties, using spectrophotometric methods (acetic acid, potassium, calcium, free amino nitrogen, tartaric acid, copper, L-lactic acid, iron, L-malic acid, D-gluconic acid and glycerol). The results showed the suitability of ecoclimatic conditions and the proper growth and development of the tested varieties for obtaining wines with
superiors quality.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...
Published
2016-12-14
How to Cite
BORA, F. D., DONICI, A., OSLOBANU, A., FIȚIU, A., BABEȘ, A. C., & BUNEA, C. I. (2016). Qualitative Assessment of the White Wine Varieties Grown in Dealu Bujorului Vineyard, Romania. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 44(2), 593-602. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha44210434
Section
Research Articles