Foliar Spray of Proline Enhanced the Photosynthetic Efficiency and Antioxidant System in Brassica juncea
The present study was carried out to screen out the best concentration of proline, applied exogenously as foliar spray, which will have beneficial effects on growth and physio-biochemical parameters in two varieties of Brassica juncea (‘Varuna’ and ‘RH-30’). The proline concentrations tested in this experiment were 0, 10, 20 or 30 mM. The foliar spray was done at 29 days after sowing (DAS) and sampling at 60 DAS. Out of these concentrations, 20 mM proline was found best. The proline treatment significantly increased the growth, net photosynthetic rate and related attributes, SPAD value of chlorophyll, leaf carbonic anhydrase activity and quantum yield of photosystem II, as well as proline content and activity of antioxident enzymes also increased in both the varieties at 60 d stage of growth. The result was more pronounced in the ‘Varuna’ than in ‘RH-30’.
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