AGRONOMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SEVERAL CHICKPEA ECOTYPES (CICER ARIETINUM) GROWN IN TURKEY

H. VURAL, Abdullah KARASU

Abstract


The chickpea is an important field crop for low quality fields and drought-enduring, in Isparta ecology, as a sowing duty covers a large area. This research has been conducted in order to determine the most suitable chickpea line and varieties in the grain-chickpea sowing duty system of the Isparta city ecological conditions. Eleven cultivars and lines grown in Turkey were used in this two-year long study (between the years 1996 and 1997), which involved a randomize block experimental design with four replications. Data were analyzed by multivariate statistical methods. According to the two-year results, the differences between the lines and cultivars were found to be important in all components observed. The annual differences proved significant for all components, except the number of pods per plant and the height of the first pod from the ground. Anthracnose (Ascochyta rabiei pass. Lab.) was not found in any cultivar and line in natural conditions, in none of the tow years. One principal component (PC1) was found by factorial analyses. The eleven examined cultivars were separated in two main groups and three subclusters by cluster analyses.

Keywords


factor analysis; breeding; cluster analysis; chickpea

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/nbha352210

June 1, 2018: Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca in Scopus – Elsevier CiteScore 2017=0.78, Horticulture; Agronomy and Crop Science; Plant Science


 
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