Combining Ability for Yield of Single-Cross Hybrids Derived from Maize Composites (Zea mays L.)

Andreea Daniela ONA, Leon MUNTEAN, Voichița Virginia HAȘ, Andrei VARGA


Development of high-yielding hybrids of maize depends on good understanding of combining ability and inheritance of yield trait. To achieve this goal, synthetic populations of lines are developed and improved upon by recurrent selection to be utilized as initial material for the creation of inbred lines. Therefore, the aims of the present paper were: to determine the combining ability among some inbred lines developed from composites and commercial hybrids by recurrent selection method and to choose the most promising inbreds for maize yield improvement and the most suitable hybrid combinations. The highest value of the general combining ability (GCA) was obtain from inbred line TA 447 (1,655 kg ha-1) followed by tester TC 399 (233 kg ha-1). For the specific combining ability (SCA), TA 447 × TC 385 A, TA 427 × TC 399, TA 428 × TC 399 and CO 305 × TD 268 had good compatibility. The research concluded that GCA was more important that SCA, indicating that the additive genetic effects are mainly involved in the heredity of yield potential of maize. For the non-additive effects to increase, the next selection cycles must focus on plants’ pairs with more pronounced heterosis for the yield trait.



In press - Online First. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (Volume 47, Issue 1, 2019). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). DOI number will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue.


composites; general and specific combining ability; inbred lines; maize; yield

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June 1, 2018: Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca in Scopus – Elsevier CiteScore 2017=0.78, Horticulture; Agronomy and Crop Science; Plant Science