Antioxidant and Anticancer Properties of Leaf and Fruit Extracts of the Wild Raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.)

Bojana VELJKOVIC, Natasa DJORDJEVIC, Zana DOLICANIN, Braho LICINA, Marina TOPUZOVIC, Milan STANKOVIC, Nenad ZLATIC, Zora DAJIC-STEVANOVIC

Abstract


In this study the leaves and fruits of wild raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) populations from the central Balkan region were examined to determine the level of secondary metabolites and related antioxidant activity, as well as biological activity, upon existing ethnobotanical evidence, primarily linked to gastrointestinal disorders. The values obtained for total phenols ranged from 59.68 to 96.83 mg GA g-1 and 24.29 to 38.71 mg GA g-1 in leaf and fruit extracts, respectively. The highest values of tannins and anthocyanins were determined for leaf extracts from a population of east Serbia at a level of 1.27 mg mL-1 and 9.00 mg mL-1. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by measuring the scavenging capacity of the extracts on DPPH. Higher antioxidant activity was detected in the leaf extracts than in the fruit extracts. Leaf and fruit extract were the most effective against Escherichia coli (ATCC 8739). Anticancer activity was studied on a human colorectal cancer cell line HCT-116. Leaf extracts exhibited anticancer activity with IC50/24 h 162.38 μg mL-1 and IC50/48 h 95.69 μg mL-1. Wild raspberry leaf and fruit extracts contain numerous secondary metabolites providing marked antioxidant, antimicrobial and anticancer activity.

 

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In press: Online First articles have been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. They will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number. After the pagination, the articles will be included in Volume 47, Issue 1, 2019. These articles are searchable and citable by they DOI (Digital Object Identifier), but DOI will become active after the articles will be included in the complete issue.


Keywords


biological activity; methanolic extracts; phytochemical analysis; secondary metabolites

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/nbha47111274

June 1, 2018: Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca in Scopus – Elsevier CiteScore 2017=0.78, Horticulture; Agronomy and Crop Science; Plant Science


 
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