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Vegetative Growth and Quality of Blueberry Fruit Cultivated in Chihuahua, Mexico

Jessica Iveth CERA-CAMPOS, Juan Luis JACOBO-CUELLAR, María Janeth RODRIGUEZ-ROQUE, Rafael Angel PARRA-QUEZADA, Mayra Cristina SOTO-CABALLERO, Ramona PÉREZ-LEAL, Oscar CRUZ-ALVAREZ

Abstract


The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the vegetative growth and some physicochemical quality parameters in fruits of different varieties of blueberries grown with amendments applied to the soil. The experimental design was completely randomized according to factorial treatments with nine replications. Length and number of shoots, flower buds number, total soluble solids (TSS), pH, color, total anthocyanins (TA), total phenols (TP) and antioxidant capacity (AC) were evaluated. The application of gypsum, sulphur and compost increased the shoots number in the varieties ‘Bluejay’ and ‘Duke’ with values from 15 and 17.5, respectively. The ‘Duke’ variety was the latest with regard to the flowering stage, evading the problem of frost. Among varieties, ‘Bluejay’ and ‘Blueray’ stood out for presenting fruits with greater acidity and antioxidant capacity (89.1 and 91.5% DPPH inhibition, respectively), however, the TP was higher in ‘Bluejay’ (701.6 mg gallic acid 100 g-1). The use of gypsum, sulphur and compost allows obtaining fruits with high soluble solids content (9.8 °Brix), however, the antioxidant capacity was similar when pine peel was included, with AC values from 91.4 and 88.8% DPPH inhibition, respectively. The amendments such as gypsum, sulphur and compost incorporated into the soil allow an adequate vegetative growth and the obtaining of blueberry fruits with physicochemical quality characteristics acceptable for their commercialization.

 

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In press - Online First. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (Volume 47, Issue 1, 2019). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). DOI number will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue.


Keywords


agronomic management; amendments; antioxidant capacity; flowering; total phenols; Vaccinium corymbosum L.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/nbha47111245

June 1, 2018: Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca in Scopus – Elsevier CiteScore 2017=0.78, Horticulture; Agronomy and Crop Science; Plant Science


 
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