Content of Capsaicinoids and Physicochemical Characteristics of Manzano Hot Pepper Grown in Greenhouse

Mario PÉREZ-GRAJALES, Maria Teresa MARTÍNEZ-DAMIÁN, Oscar CRUZ-ALVAREZ, Sandra Miryam POTRERO-ANDRADE, Aureliano PEÑA-LOMELÍ, Victor Arturo GONZÁLEZ-HERNÁNDEZ, Angel VILLEGAS-MONTER

Abstract


The hotness of the chili fruit (Capsicum spp.) is mainly due to the presence of capsaicinoids (capsaicin, nordihydrocapsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin). The aim of the present research was to evaluate the content of capsaicinoids and characteristics of physicochemical quality in fruits of manzano hot pepper grown in the greenhouse. The experimental design used was completely randomized with 3 and 4 replications. The parameters evaluated were total capsaicinoids, vitamin C, total carotenoids (TC), total soluble solids (TSS), titratable acidity, pH, firmness and color of the fruit. Among the hybrids with the highest content of total capsaicinoids and vitamin C, L4XL8 and L5XL7 (27 371 and 21 700 SHU, respectively) stand out as well as L2XL5 with 809.35 mg 100 g-1. On the other hand, L2XL3 stood out for its TC content (1 515.98 μg 100 g-1); L2XL7 and L4Xl7 stood out for the concentration of TSS, maintaining the acidity level without major changes. Additionally, L7XL8 was a material that was characterized to have fruits with greater firmness (2.31 N) and chromaticity of color (intense yellow) of 72.96. Among the evaluated hybrids, there are materials that presented fruits with physical and chemical characteristics of quality, which could be considered important from the commercial point of view or genetic improvement.

 

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In press - Online First. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (Volume 47, Issue 1, 2019). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). DOI number will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue.


Keywords


Capsicum pubescens Ruiz y Pavón; color; fruit quality; scoville heat unit; titratable acidity; total carotenoids

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/nbha47111241

June 1, 2018: Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca in Scopus – Elsevier CiteScore 2017=0.78, Horticulture; Agronomy and Crop Science; Plant Science


 
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