Assessment of Chemical and Antioxidant Properties of Fresh and Dried Rosehip (Rosa canina L.)

Dragana PAUNOVIĆ, Ana KALUŠEVIĆ, Tanja PETROVIĆ, Tijana UROŠEVIĆ, Dušica DJINOVIĆ, Viktor NEDOVIĆ, Jelena POPOVIĆ-DJORDJEVIĆ

Abstract


This work aimed to evaluate the nutritional and functional properties of rosehip from Serbia. In respect to that, the content of twenty-three elements in the rosehip along with the soil were determined by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy and the bioaccumulation factor (BAF) was calculated. The total dry matter, water activity, and the contents of vitamin C, total phenolics and flavonoids were determined. The antioxidant ability of fresh and dried samples was evaluated using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay. The obtained extracts were analyzed by gas chromatography with flame ionization detection and gas chromatography – mass spectrometry techniques. In addition, assessment of the impact of thermal treatment on the chemical composition of rosehip was observed. The study revealed that the most abundant elements in rosehip were K, Ca, Mg, P and S with 2963.0, 1820.0, 709.0, 495.0 and 289.8 mg/kg, respectively. The highest BAF values in the system rosehip/soil were for S, K and P. Contents of ascorbic acid, total phenolics, total flavonoids and the antioxidant activity were reduced after the drying process by 56.3%, 20.4%, 31.3%, 21.9%, respectively. Nevertheless, dried rosehip was still a rich source of bioactive compounds with significant antioxidant activity. The presented results support traditional use of rosehip as food with health and nutritional benefits.

 

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In press - Online First. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (Volume 47, Issue 1, 2019). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). DOI number will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue.


Keywords


antioxidant activity; bioaccumulation factor; dried rosehip; flavonoids; mineral profile; phenolics

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/nbha47111221

June 1, 2018: Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca in Scopus – Elsevier CiteScore 2017=0.78, Horticulture; Agronomy and Crop Science; Plant Science


 
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