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Studies on the Gall Characteristics of Dryocosmus kuriphilus in Chestnut Genotypes in Yalova and Bursa Provinces of Turkey

Nimet S. GENÇER, Cevriye MERT

Abstract


The Asian chestnut gall wasp Dryocosmus kuriphilus is a global pest of chestnut (Castanea spp.). It has been spreading in Turkey’s forests and orchards since 2014. This pest imposes a big threat to the Turkish chestnut industry, which is among the top producers in the world. Its gall morphology has been related to pest pressure and host cultivar, thus eventually modulating plant damage with heavy impact on growth and fruit production. We compared gall characters (position on plant organ, ratios, dimensions, volumes, number of larval chambers) in wild Castanea sativa, two local cultivars and a Euro Japanese hybrid. Overall, leaf galls were more common (55.36%), followed by the stem (19.6%) and leaf stipule galls (15.29%). The mean number of chamber and volume value of gall types were 1.52-5.93 and 0.43-2.15 cm3, respectively. The highest values were observed in ‘stem gall’. The more gall formation was observed in the wild chestnut trees and ‘Marigoule’ than the other local varieties.

 

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In press: Online First articles have been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. They will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number. After the pagination, the articles will be included in Volume 47, Issue 1, 2019. These articles are searchable and citable by they DOI (Digital Object Identifier), but DOI will become active after the articles will be included in the complete issue.


Keywords


chambers; Cynipidae; gall types; gall wasp; Hymenoptera

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/nbha47110906

June 1, 2018: Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca in Scopus – Elsevier CiteScore 2017=0.78, Horticulture; Agronomy and Crop Science; Plant Science


 
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